Drawing usually entails four distinct parts: line, worth, texture, and form. Within the particular case of pencil portrait drawing we are able to refine the list of parts to six: type, proportion, anatomy, texture, value, and planes.

In this article we’ll give an in depth description of each of these pencil portrait drawing elements.

(1) Type or Shape — The phantasm of three-dimensionality in drawing and artwork typically has been central to Western art for centuries. The carving out of form using line, structure, and value was an important part of just about all Renaissance art.

On the other hand, oriental and lots of modern artwork emphasize flatness of type although this interval in up to date artwork is drawing to a close.

All kind in drawing can initially be reduced to 4 fundamental third-dimensional solids: bricks, cones, cylinders, and spheres. The proper use of these kinds along with perspective and value leads to the illusion of three-dimensionality although the drawing is, surely, positioned on a 2-dimensional sheet of drawing paper.

In portrait drawing, the arabesque of the head, the square structure of the head, and all elements within the head (nostril, eyes, etc.) are all 2- and 3-dimensional forms that contribute to the overall phantasm of three-dimensionality

(2) Proportion — contains all sizing and placements of form. Proportion refers back to the idea of relative size and angle size.

Proportion offers solutions to those two questions:

1. Given a defined unit of size, how many items is a selected size?

2. How large is this specific angle? Answering these two questions consistently correctly will yield a drawing with the correct proparts and placements of all form.

(3) Anatomy — refers essentially to the underlying structures of bone and muscle of the head.

It is very important learn as a lot as you may about anatomy. There are numerous books available on anatomy for artists. For a portrait artist it is notably vital to understand the anatomy of the head, neck, and shoulders.

Anatomy research sadly embody lots of Latin terms which makes it considerably tough to grasp. The thought is to check slowly and just a little bit at a time because it may be fairly frustrating.

(4) Texture — in portrait drawing expresses the range of roughness or smoothness of the forms. The tough texture of a concrete stroll way, for example, is quite completely different from the smoothness of a window.

There exist a number of techniques and tricks that will help you with the creation of the correct textures. Creating textures is an area in drawing that offers you the opportunity to be very inventive and to use each possible type of mark you can also make with a pencil. In portrait drawing textures happen in places equivalent to hair, clothing, and skin.

(5) Value — refers back to the variations in light or dark of the pencil marks and hatchings. Powerful portrait drawings make use of the full palette of contrasting lights and darks. Beginning artists typically fail to achieve this full «stretch» of worth, leading to timid, washed-out drawings.

(6) Planes — produce the sculptural sensibility of a portrait. The head has quite a few planes each with a distinct direction and therefore with a special value.

The idea is to think of the surface of the head as a set of discrete planes with a certain direction relative to the light source. It is best to try to establish each of the planes and draw its appropriate form and value.

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